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Oszczypko N., Ślączka A., Bubniak I., Olszewska B., Garecka M. (2017) The position and age of flysch deposits in the Cri mea Mountains (Southern Ukraine) // Geological Quarterly, 61 (X): 0–0.
The Crimean Mountains (CM) are regarded as part of the Alpine-Himalaya orogenic belt related to the collision of the Eurasian and African plates. Our research in the CM has allowed con firming the existence of at least two flysch formations of different ages: the Taurida Flysch Formation (Upper Tri as sic/Lower–? Middle Jurassic) and the Sudak Formation (up permost Jurassic/Lower Cretaceous) in the western and eastern sectors of the CM, respectively. After the Middle Jurassic volcanism, the fresh water claystones with coal-bearing intercalations, as well as local alluvial fan conglomerates were deposited. Then, following the Oxfordian/Kimmeridgian marine transgression, three separated Tithonian/Berriasian carbonate platforms developed: Baydarska, Chatyr-Dag and Demerji/Karabi. At the turn of the Late Jurassic, the deep-water Sudak Basin (eastern sector of the CM) began to developin the eastern periphery of the Demerji/Karabi carbonate platform. This basin, dominated by turbiditic deposition, was probably connected with the Great Caucasus sedimentary system. Finally, distal flysch sedimentation in the Sudak Basin was followed by de bris-flow deposits, with huge blocks of Upper Jurassic limestones. These blocks were de rived from destruction of the Karabi carbonate platform. During the Berriasian/Valanginian, the east ern sector of the CM began to subside. As a result, both car bon ate plat forms (west ern CM) and the debris flow fans of the Sudak Basin (east ern CM) were over lain by marly shales and/or distalturbidites. This type of de position lasted until the Aptian/Albian. In the post-Albian period, the Alushta-Salgir tectonic zone was transformed into a SE-dipping thrust fault with at least 10 km amplitude of overthrusting.